10 Types of Maple Trees
10 Types of Maple Trees Red maple is usually a medium-sized tree, with smooth bark on young stems and light gray bark on intermediate-aged stems. At maturity, the bark becomes dark gray and rough. Crushed twigs from red maples do not emit a pungent odor. The lower branches tend to sweep upward.
In North America, there are 10 types of sugar maple trees, each with unique traits and characteristics. ‘Apollo’ is a compact columnar form that grows up to 30 feet tall and about 10 feet wide. It has an upright growth habit and requires full sun for best growth. In the spring and summer, this maple produces clusters of small green flowers, called samaras. The leaves turn brilliant gold in the fall.
Sugar maple trees
have a variety of leaf shapes and colors. Some types have smaller leaves, while others are larger and have multiple lobes. The bark on a sugar maple is light gray or brown and largely smooth. The twigs of a sugar maple are smooth and have sharp-pointed terminal winter buds. The leaves are opposite to one another on the stem and are three to five points long. The leaves are dark green on the upper surface and lighter green on the underside. Fall colors range from bright yellow to orange, and some
have brilliant red fall color.
Sugar maples are polygamous, with flowers that are about 2.5 inches long and covered in long, yellow petals. They have one functional sex and are produced in the upper portion of the crown. In some cases, the lower limbs produce male-only flowers. Sugar maples were long thought to be pollinated by bees, but recent studies have shown that they are self-pollinated.
Acer ginnala, also called red maple or Amur maple, is a deciduous tree that grows in Northeast Asia. Its leaves are simple, palmate, and have three to five major veins. The leaves grow on leafstalks that are almost as long as the leaves themselves. This type of maple also has small, fragrant white flowers that appear in late spring. Although this variety is fairly low-maintenance, it is susceptible to some plant diseases.
Paperbark maple trees
grow well in full sun or partial shade and require moist but well-drained soil. They are relatively small, only growing between 20 and 30 feet tall. The bark is thin and peels off easily. Their foliage is soft green and changes colors over the growing season. They are great for smaller gardens or areas.
Black maples are
commonly found on moist sites. They can grow to about 60 to 75 feet tall and 40 to 50 feet wide, and they provide excellent shade with their dense foliage. However, you should avoid pruning them in the spring, as they are ‘bleeders’ and suffer from tar spot, verticillium wilt, and leaf scorch. They are also susceptible to pests like borers and cottony maple scale. They also suffer from drought and salt. They are native to northeastern U.S. and Canada.
Red maples are dioecious, which means that their flowers appear before the leaves do. They bear winged seeds that are about half an inch long and spread at a shallow angle. Fruits of the red maple are drooping and are greenish-red when young and reddish when mature. They are a popular ornamental tree for the landscape, and they can be grown in small spaces.
Red maples can be grown
in both sunny and shady spots. They do well in moist and dry soils. Red maples are a cosmopolitan tree, and they are also suitable for climates in zones three to nine. They are easy to grow and have long taproots.
The Norwegian Red maple
is a native of Minnesota. This variety has brilliant red leaves in the fall and attractive red-black bark. It is a low-maintenance tree that grows up to 50 feet tall. It has yellow flowers in early spring. Its low-maintenance nature makes it the ideal ornamental plant for a small yard.
Red maples are excellent landscape trees for urban and rural landscapes. Although they are not as adaptable as Silver Maple, they are less susceptible to storm damage than their silver-colored counterparts. Also, unlike the Silver Maple, Red maples have upright branches. Red maple branches become rounder as they age.
Norway maples are medium-sized trees with symmetrical crowns and rounded leaves. Leaves are palmately lobed and up to five-lobed, with bristle-tipped tips. Norway maples have milky sap. In spring, Norway maples bear small green flowers in clusters at the ends of branches. The leaves are a medium green color, and the flowers are one-third of an inch wide. Fruits are papery two-chambered cameras.
Norway maples can grow
to about 40 to 60 feet tall, with branching branches reaching up to 50 feet wide. They make lovely ornamental trees in the landscape. However, unlike other maple species, Norway maples are not native to the U.S. They are invasive, with roots that can damage native trees.
Norway maples are easily
distinguished from other types of maple trees by their foliage. Norway maples have five lobes, and their leaves are four to seven inches wide. They also have milky sap in the leaf stalks. Norway maples are best suited for foundation planting in temperate climates. Their leaves are longer in fall, and they are best suited for partial shade.
Norway maples are
resistant to most plant diseases, except for Verticillium wilt. This disease, which causes sudden leaf wilting, may affect one or two branches, or even the entire canopy. Although not always fatal, the disease can be unsightly and cause aesthetic problems. Norway maples also have a high pollen production, and their pollen is very allergenic.
Native to eastern Asia, Three-Flowered Maple trees are popular ornamental trees. Unlike traditional maple trees, these species do not have maple leaves; instead, their leaves look like ivies, ash trees, and Japanese maples. They are often found in large collections of maples but are rarely seen outside of arboreta. Mature specimens can grow up to 75 feet tall and have an impressive fall color display.
Three-flowered maple trees
are known for their deep red fall foliage, which is quite striking in contrast to the green foliage. These trees often grow in understory plantings with larger evergreen trees and have a papery bark. They thrive in cool climates and prefer partial shade.
These trees can grow
up to 18 meters, with a thick trunk and uneven crown. The bark of these trees flakes as they age, but they are extremely low maintenance. Three-flowered maples look wonderful throughout the four seasons and are drought-tolerant.
Acer saccharum is another type of maple tree. This species is native to the northern forests and is popular for its fall color. Acer saccharum can reach 70 feet or more, depending on the climate. The sap from these trees is boiled down to make maple syrup.
The Tatarian maple is a small, compact ornamental tree that can add a beautiful touch to your yard. This tree is also suited to a wide variety of home landscapes. The dense canopy of branches can provide additional shade. When in bloom, the tree will produce red seed capsules called samaras, which will cover the tree.
The Tatarian maple
is native to the forests of eastern Romania, central, and south-eastern Europe, and the Caucasus. This tree grows as an understory in warm, dry forests. Its bright red samaras contrast with the fresh green leaves during the summer. In areas with dry soil, the Tatarian maple can withstand droughts, but it prefers to be planted in sunny locations.10 Types of Maple Trees
A new variety of Tatarian maple
is the Hot Wings. This tree grows to about 25 feet tall and 20 feet wide and has an upright growth habit. Its small white flowers bloom in late spring and early summer. The Tatarian maple tree is also drought and alkaline tolerant. Its pollinator-friendly nature makes it a great choice for smaller landscapes. Despite its small stature, it can be a great addition to any yard.
Tatarian maple trees are ideal
for smaller yards because they grow rapidly and reach their full height. Their wide, rounded canopies are an attractive feature. They make great fall color trees in small backyards. Their native habitat is western Asia. A healthy Tatarian maple can reach 20 feet (6 meters) tall and 25 feet (7.5 meters) across. The Tatarian maple is a versatile tree that can serve as a windbreak and an ornamental 10 Types of Maple Trees
The Three-flowered maple tree is an excellent choice for your yard. It looks beautiful during all four seasons and is drought-tolerant. It is a relatively small deciduous tree that is easy to grow in partial shade and does well in moist soil. Its leaves are three-lobed and medium green on the top and gray-green on the bottom. This tree is native to southern Florida, the UK, and China.
This maple tree has small
silvery undersides and is easy to naturalize. It also grows fast and turns beautiful fall colors. The Silver Maple has several regional common names. In addition to its attractive fall foliage, it is also a fast-growing and shallow-rooted 10 Types of Maple Trees
This is a rare cultivar
It is best used for small gardens or borders. Its attractive fall foliage and attractive bark make it a popular tree for small yards. It grows well in moist soils with full sun to partial shade. It can be propagated by seed and is relatively pest-free. kill bamboo
The Three-flowered maple
has trifoliate leaves that are lance-shaped and dark green. The leaves change colors in the fall, turning rich yellow. Its flowers are tiny and inconspicuous, and appear in clusters of three. Its winged fruit is a brownish Samara and disperses by gravity.